Corespondenţa dintre Hruşciov şi Gheorghiu-Dej din martie-iunie 1963

Am scris anterior despre schimbul de scrisori dintre Hruşciov şi Gheorghiu-Dej, din martie-iunie 1963. Am prezentat această corespondenţă (pe scurt) într-un articol recent publicat de Magazin Istoric (decembrie 2013). Continue reading…

 

 

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Perceptions of Social Security in Communist Romania

1. The Communist Crisis in Romania

In 1947 Romania was the last monarchy within the new Soviet sphere of influence. However, on 30 December 1947 King Michael was forced to abdicate. On the same day, the Communists proclaimed the Romanian People’s Republic, and from 1947 to 1989 Romania was under Communist control. From the late 1970s, in many countries of the Eastern bloc, including the USSR, dissident ‘movements’ began to develop – partly as a consequence of the Helsinki Process. During the next decade, two other phenomena, glasnost and perestroika, brought new significant changes to Eastern Europe. However, in this changing socialist world, the Communist regime in Romania remained unreformed. Moreover, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Ceausescu decided to pay Romania’s Western loans and to build a series of colossal and extremely expensive architectural projects, such as the House of the Republic. Consequently, after a few years, Romania faced a dramatic shortage of consumer goods, and, in 1984, large-scale food rationing was reintroduced – after more than twenty years. Thus, during the 1980s, Romania had the lowest standard of living in Europe (Albania excluded), and misery spread across the entire country, since not only food was rationed, but also hot and cold water, electricity and methane gas. Continue reading

Romania in the the Agricultural Conference, 2-3 February 1960 – Now 50 free downloads

                                                       Versiunea în limba română este mai jos! 

With author eprints from Taylor & Francis Online I can share free online access to my Cold War History article’s version of record with up to 50 colleagues and friends.

Those who click on this link will be taken directly to the full-text version of my article:

http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/usjXtPmQaVeEAATn93UH/full

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Primii 50 de vizitatori care vor urma linkul de mai sus vor putea descărca gratuit ultimul meu articol publicat în Cold War History.

Note despre România

Asupra unor aviatori americani capturaţi în 1943 în România a fost găsit următorul material, intitulat ,,Notes on Romania” şi cuprinzând informaţii despre poporul român şi sfaturi practice asupra procedeului pe care americanii ar fi trebuit să-l urmeze în cazul în care s-ar fi prabuşit şi ar fi fost luaţi prizonieri în România. În mod foarte interesant, americanilor li se explica ce însemnau mămăliga, ţuica, şpriţul, câinii care umblau bezmetici pe drumuri, dar li se vorbea şi despre cinstea şi ,,demnitatea naturală” a poporului român. Redau mai jos transcrierea exactă a traducerii acestui document, aşa cum se află în Arhivele Naţionale Istorice Centrale.[1] Continue reading